Hunan Environmental Protection Bureau focuses on r

2022-07-29
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On October 19, Zhou Hong, deputy chief of the Hunan Provincial Environmental Supervision Corps, led a team to changde'an Tianhong Paper Co., Ltd., which had stopped production for rectification after the law enforcement inspection of the provincial people's Congress, and urged the company to set up pollution control facilities within a time limit. This is a microcosm of the recent centralized rectification action of paper-making enterprises in Dongting Lake District carried out by the provincial Environmental Protection Bureau

previously, on September 12, at the 6th provincial Environmental Protection Conference, the provincial people's government clearly stipulated that "chemical pulp production units with an annual output of less than 50000 tons shall be eliminated by the end of 2007; chemical pulp and paper enterprises with an annual output of more than 50000 tons must be equipped with alkali recovery units by the end of 2008, and those that fail to complete within the time limit shall be shut down." Jiangyimin, director of the provincial Environmental Protection Bureau, said at the meeting that the Bureau would quickly carry out centralized clean-up and rectification of pulp and paper enterprises in Dongting Lake area

a tough battle for pollution control of Dongting Lake paper industry, which was strongly promoted by the environmental protection law enforcement inspection of the Standing Committee of the provincial people's Congress, began

pollution from papermaking: the provincial people's Congress and the provincial government attached great importance to it.

at the beginning of this year, the Standing Committee of the provincial people's Congress decided to take the environmental protection law enforcement inspection as the most important law enforcement inspection in 2006. From the beginning of June, Wang Silian, deputy director of the Standing Committee of the provincial people's Congress, led a team to the grass-roots level for investigation. In mid July, the investigation team visited nearly 10 paper-making enterprises in Yiyang City and Changde City, focusing on the environmental protection of paper-making enterprises around Dongting Lake. At noon on July 19, the inspection team found that the billowing black water flowed into the lake without any treatment near the sewage outlet of a papermaking enterprise that reduced potassium permanganate to 2 manganese oxide by microwave radiation, making the lake black, layers of foam and pungent odor. Everywhere we go, except for the enterprises under taigelin Paper Group, which basically meet the environmental protection standards, most of the other production sewage is directly discharged into Dongting Lake without treatment. The inspection team also found that many paper-making enterprises in Dongting Lake District are blindly carrying out technological transformation and expanding production capacity driven by huge economic benefits

what the inspection team saw and heard aroused the deep concern of sunzaitian, chairman of the environmental protection and Assets Supervision Committee of the provincial people's Congress, and fuyuhui, vice chairman of the provincial people's Congress. The environmental protection law enforcement inspection of the provincial people's Congress will not have a conclusive report until the end of this year. They decided to immediately report the findings to the provincial government. "According to our estimation, within a few years, the pulp production capacity of the area around the Dongting Lake may reach 3.5 million tons/year. Even if all enterprises' alkali recovery and pollution control equipment and technologies reach the current level of taigelin paper, the total amount of pollutants discharged into the Dongting Lake will quadruple or more than the current level, which is just papermaking."

soon, xuxianping, vice governor, and Xiaojie, member of the Standing Committee of the provincial Party committee and executive vice governor, gave important instructions one after another. On August 7, zhoubohua, the then deputy secretary of the provincial Party committee and governor, wrote in a letter: "please take the lead of Comrade jiangyimin of the Environmental Protection Bureau and work with relevant departments to effectively carry out the rectification and closure of small pulp and paper enterprises in the Dongting Lake area."

on August 8, the chairman's meeting of the Standing Committee of the provincial people's Congress decided to organize the law enforcement inspection team of the Standing Committee to conduct key spot checks in seven cities in the Xiangjiang River and Dongting Lake basin where water environment problems are the most prominent in the first and middle of September

puzzle of development: the profits of small paper-making enterprises are at the expense of the high cost of maintaining the production environment due to the fact that there are still inventories downstream.

the Research Report of the environmental protection and assets supervision commission of the provincial people's Congress pointed out that "the water environment pollution problem in our Province is the most prominent at present, mainly concentrated in the Xiangjiang River Basin and Dongting Lake area." According to the data released by the provincial environmental monitoring center in July this year, the overall water quality of Dongting Lake continues to deteriorate, showing moderate eutrophication, which is an important reason for the great increase in the discharge of pollutants from surrounding industrial enterprises to the lake. Take the situation of the paper industry as an example: at the end of 2005, there were 77 paper-making enterprises in Dongting Lake area. Except that taigelin Paper Group has a certain production scale and has relatively complete pollution treatment facilities such as alkali recovery, most of the other enterprises have an annual production capacity of only about 10000 to 30000 tons/year, only simple pollution prevention and control facilities, and most of the production wastewater is discharged into Dongting Lake. Pengxiang, deputy director of the provincial Environmental Protection Bureau, said: "on July 21 this year, the provincial government just signed the total amount of water pollution discharge with the State Environmental Protection Administration. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, the COD (chemical oxygen demand) emission of Hunan Province should be reduced by 10%, while the COD emitted by the paper industry in the province accounts for about 50% of the COD emission in the province. It can be seen that the paper industry has a heavy task of pollution control."

however, once the word "pollution control" is put into practice, it will face practical difficulties

On the afternoon of September 6, the environmental protection law enforcement inspection team of the provincial people's Congress came to a paper-making enterprise in a county of Yiyang. Before the inspection team arrived, the enterprise had stopped production for rectification. The boss and some employees complained: "the employees' children have to go to school and are waiting for wages. What can we do if we don't start work?" For reasons of interest, some local party and government leaders also do not want to close down these enterprises that have major potential environmental hazards. A local official calculated an account: the county's annual fiscal revenue was about 120million yuan, including more than 43million yuan from the paper industry alone. If these paper-making enterprises were closed, the county would lose more than one third of its fiscal revenue

the provincial Environmental Protection Bureau found in the investigation of the paper industry in the province that the smaller the production scale, the higher the cost of wastewater treatment. The 10 paper mills surveyed with an annual paper output of less than 10000 tons achieved an average annual profit and tax of 280000 yuan, and it is far from enough to use all the 1.28 million yuan for pollution control. These small paper enterprises typically seek economic benefits at the expense of the environment

On September 5, when the environmental protection law enforcement inspection team of the provincial people's Congress came to a paper-making enterprise in a county of the lake district for inspection, the enterprise temporarily started its sewage treatment equipment that often "slept" to create the illusion of normal operation of sewage treatment, so as to deceive the inspection team, and then the inspection team saw through it. At the report meeting of a city in Dongting Lake District to the environmental protection law enforcement inspection team of the Standing Committee of the provincial people's Congress, a member of the Standing Committee of the provincial people's Congress pointed out that "leaders and enterprise leaders in a few places are insensitive to the serious pollution of the paper industry. In order to cope with the inspection by the higher authorities and practice fraud, the inspection team came to stop production and open pollution control equipment to cover up the inspection. After the inspection team left, it still discharged directly and secretly."

for the accusations of some people in the lake area against the dereliction of duty of the Environmental Protection Bureau, A leader of the grass-roots environmental protection department said: "There is nothing we can do. The current environmental protection laws and regulations do not give the environmental protection department the power to stop environmental violations in a timely and effective manner, so it is difficult to enforce the law. The city, prefecture and county-level and urban-level have only the right to punish 50000 yuan and 10000 yuan respectively, and the amount of punishment is far less than their illegal income. The environmental protection department is a horizontal management unit, and human rights and financial rights are in the local area. Who dares to disagree with the local government?"

at the same time, some local governments attach importance to GDP and ignore environmental protection. In the name of optimizing the economic development environment, they have introduced "local policies" such as "one fee system", "zero inspection Park" and "listing to protect enterprises", which have interfered with the normal environmental law enforcement and even served as a "protective umbrella" for enterprises violating environmental laws

fundamental solution: integration, industrial adjustment and pollution control by law go hand in hand

must the development around Dongting Lake pay such a heavy price? Penggennan, member of the environmental protection and Assets Supervision Committee of the provincial people's Congress, held a negative attitude towards this. He believes that the way out lies in "integration"

Peng Gennan presented a document to: "Taking the paper industry as an example, for large-scale pulp and paper enterprises with an annual production scale of more than 100000 tons, the income generated by their alkali recovery devices can meet the daily operating expenses of pollution control facilities and have a certain profit; while for small-scale pulp and paper enterprises with an annual production scale of less than 10000 tons, the economic income from their production and operation is not only far lower than the losses it causes to the environment, but also unable to invest in pollution control facilities and Pay the expenses required for operation. We can imagine that if all the small paper mills in Dongting Lake area are integrated by taigelin Paper Group, which has met the environmental protection requirements, not only the pollution problem of the small paper mills has been solved, but also it should be confirmed that the benefits generated by unit resources will also rise in a straight line. "

professor dongminghui, director of the Institute of social development around Dongting Lake, Hunan University of Arts and Sciences, believes that the contradiction between economic development and environmental protection can be alleviated through industrial structure adjustment. According to the historical position and resource characteristics of Dongting Lake, Professor dongminghui has planned several industrial forms suitable for the lake area, namely, ecological planting, animal husbandry, freshwater aquaculture, agricultural product processing and logistics. "These industries have fully considered the resource advantages of the Dongting Lake area and generated less pollution. To a certain extent, they can avoid the contradiction between development and environmental protection in the lake area, and should become the first choice for the development of the Dongting Lake area!"

source: Hunan

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